No diplomats were present at the meetings but Ms Patel was accompanied by Conservative peer and campaigner Lord Polak, president of the Conservative Friends of Israel,
Ms Patel was forced to correct the record earlier this week about the number of meetings that she had attended and when the Foreign Office had been notified about them.
The MP said she had been wrong to suggest to the Guardian that Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson knew of the trip in advance when he had only learnt about it while it was under way.
Earlier on Tuesday, it emerged that upon her return Ms Patel had asked the Foreign Office to consider supporting humanitarian operations conducted by the Israeli army in the occupied Golan Heights area – a request that was turned down as “inappropriate” by officials.
In the Commons earlier, Foreign Office minister Alistair Burt said that Downing Street regarded the matter “as closed” after Ms Patel had been reprimanded by the prime minister and reminded of her obligations under the ministerial code.
Ms Patel, who has been an MP since 2010, is a long-standing supporter of Israel and a former vice-chairman of Conservative Friends of Israel.